Women's Day 2018: See Photos of the Women's Rights Movement Dating Back 100 Years

International Women's Day in 1977. Fairfax Media via Getty Images
Women stand at a women's suffrage information booth encouraging people to vote "yes" for women's voting rights in 1914. Bettmann Archive/Getty Images
Six suffragists gathered in front of a building with suffrage banners. Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty Images
A woman sits engrossed in the 'Suffragette,' a women's political newspaper circa 1913. Hulton Archive/Getty Images
Susan B. Anthony dedicated her life to women's suffrage but never saw a piece of legislation pass, circa 1897. L. Condon—Underwood Archives/Getty Images
A group of men stand in front of the Headquarters National Association opposed to Woman Suffrage. USA. Harris & Ewing, Inc./Library of Congress/Corbis/VCG via Getty Images
Vice President Marshall signing the suffrage resolution which has just been passed by the Senate in 1919. Bettmann Archive/Getty Images
Suffrage leaders cast their presidential votes for their very first time in 1920 at a polling place in New York. Bettmann Archive/Getty Images
Alice Paul makes a toast to Tennessee's ratification of the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, giving women the right to vote. The banner beside her shows stars of the states which had ratified the amendment. Bettmann Archive/Getty Images
A poster from the Women's Bureau of the U.S. Department of Labor, circa 1940. Courtesy of the US National Archives
Hundreds of women rally in the cold to celebrate International Women's Day, marching from Copley Square to Mass. College of Art in Boston in 1968. Joanne Rathe—Boston Globe via Getty Images
Members of the National Women's Liberation Movement, on an equal rights march mark International Women's Day in 1971. Daily Express/Hulton Archive/Getty Images
Women demonstrating in favor of passage of the Equal Rights Amendment, Pittsburgh, PA in 1976. Barbara Freeman—Getty Images
International Women's Day in 1977. Fairfax Media via Getty Images
In February 1980, President Jimmy Carter issued a presidential proclamation declaring the week of March 8 as National Women's History Week. Courtesy of the US National Archives
A large crowd of women cheers a speaker at the Lincoln Memorial, during a rally for passage of the Equal Rights Amendment in 1981. Bettmann Archive/Getty Images
It took police five minutes to clear about 60 women away after they blocked rush hour traffic to mark International Women's Day in Canada. Dale Brazao—Toronto Star via Getty Images
Pro-Choice supporters take part in a March for Women's Equality in Washington DC in 1989. Barbara Alper—Getty Images
Restorer, Cinzia Parmigoni places a crown of flowers on Michelangelo's David in honor of International Women's Day in 2004 in Florence, Italy. Franco Origlia—Getty Images
A woman is seen through a banner during a gathering to mark the International Women's Day in 2005. Mustafa Ozer—AFP/Getty Images
'The Fearless Girl' statues stands across from the iconic Wall Street charging bull statue on International Women's Day in 2017 in New York City. State Street Global Advisors, the world's third-largest asset manager, installed the statue on Tuesday morning as part of a campaign to pressure companies to add more women to their boards. Drew Angerer—Getty Images
The hand of two women hold a sign in the mobilization for the International Working Women's Day in Montevideo on March 8, 2017. Carlos Lebrato—Anadolu Agency/Getty Images
Feminists, trade unionists and social movements hold a major unified event in central São Paul on International Women's Day in 2017. Cris Faga—NurPhoto via Getty Images
Demonstrators take part in the Women's March 2018 advocating for women's rights and calling for voter mobilization ahead of the 20178 midterm elections. VIEW press Corbis via Getty Images

Fueled by recent activism movements like #MeToo and #TimesUp, this International Women’s Day is a strong reminder of the progress women have achieved, but also a wakeup call that there is still a long way to go. Since the beginning of International Women’s Day in 1909, Mar. 8 has had a dual meaning: 1) to celebrate women, past and present and 2) to push for more progress for future generations.

This year’s International Women’s Day theme is #PressForProgress, “a strong call-to-action to press forward and progress gender parity.” Before last year and the rise of the #MeToo movement and the women’s march, few Americans knew this observance even existed despite the UN officially celebrating it in 1975.

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The first International Women’s Day took place in New York City in 1909 when thousands of women stood in solidarity with women garment workers protesting against the dangerous workplace conditions. Women marched through the city demanding shorter hours, better pay, and the right to vote.

Women soon began participating in other marches across the country and holding booths to rally for women’s right to vote. There was even a U.S. women’s political newspaper with the latest updates on the suffrage amendment called The Suffragist. Susan B. Anthony dedicated her life to women’s suffrage, and although she gathered countless petitions from states, and appeared in front of every congress from 1869 to 1906, she was consistently greeted with laughing politicians and was denied the right to vote. It wasn’t until 1920 that Congress passed the 19th Amendment allowing women to vote nationally.

The right to vote is just one part of women’s rights celebrated on International Women’s Day. Activist Alice Paul introduced the Equal Rights Amendment as the next step in gender equality in 1923. A second wave of activism swept the nation in the 1960s, pushing for the amendment to pass. It took nearly 50 years for Congress to see it through, but we are still to this day waiting for three-fourths of the states to approve it.

But today in the face of the #MeToo movement, another wave of feminist activism is sweeping the country that is reviving the women’s rights movement. Since October 2017, women have taken to social media all across the globe to speak up about their experiences with sexual assault or harassment.

“This is just the start. I’ve been saying from the beginning it’s not just a moment, it’s the movement,” says Tarana Burke, an activist who founded the #MeToo movement in 2006 to help survivors of sexual violence. “Now the work really begins.”

Check out the gallery above to see photos of the women’s rights movements throughout the years.

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