Volkswagen vlkay reported a 4.3% rise in 2017 sales to 10.7 million vehicles, staying ahead of Toyota in the race to keep the title of world’s biggest carmaker although Renault-Nissan rnsdf has forecast it would go top.
Last year’s sales by the German firm, which is still dealing with fallout from a scandal over rigged diesel emissions tests, were its highest ever, helped by strong gains in China, Europe and South America. Monthly sales in December rose 8.5%.
Japan’s Toyota Motor tm said last month it expected 2017 sales to grow 2% to 10.35 million units worldwide across its Toyota, Lexus, Daihatsu and Hino brands. It said it would hit 10.50 million vehicles in 2018.
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The Renault-Nissan alliance, which includes Mitsubishi Motors mmtof , has yet to release combined sales volume figures but Renault boss Carlos Ghosn said in July it was headed for the top spot.
In 2016, VW was No. 1 with 10.3 million vehicle sales, Toyota was second with 10.2 million and Renault-Nissan was third with 9.96 million.
VW said December 2017 China sales jumped 17.8% to 460,100 vehicles, while monthly sales in Europe rose 3.1%, driven by Germany. U.S. sales were down 5.2%.
Overall, carmakers saw European sales fall 4.8% in December from the same month a year ago due in part to one less working day, industry data showed on Wednesday.
VW has set aside about 25 billion euros ($30 billion) to cover fines, lawsuits and vehicle repairs related to the diesel scandal.